Script.aculo.us: How to easily AJAX your site

Script.aculo.us is a tiny (140KB) javascript framework that gives you the power of effects, several dynamic data components, and all you need to know is a little bit about HTML and how to read. If you already have your own website, it is not hard to do. Follow these steps to AJAX up your site in no time...

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Guide for turning your spare pc into a powerfull dd-wrt router

This is a guide for turning your spare pc into a powerful and flexable router running dd-wrt's on a standard x86 pc.
This is really useful if you are frustrated by the lack of ram and/or performance the wrt54g offers but still want the power and flexibility of dd-wrt's firmware.

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Linux claimed to be running on Zune

With Linux running on iPods for a few years now, it would seem that it was only a matter of time before someone got a version of the operating system up and running on Microsoft's Zune, especially given the fact that the player's Freescale iMX31L processor can already handle the OS. Well, according to one fearless warranty-voiding individual, that prospect is now at least one step closer to reality. In a post on ZuneBoards, "Mys Videl" claims that he's managed to get Linux on Zune "partway working," currently only able to be booted while synced and with limited capabilities. While Videl's not willing to let the secret loose just yet (or even provide pics of it in action for that matter) he is promising to release it as open source when its finished, and open it up to beta testing before that. Exactly when that might happen, he isn't saying.

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NASA: Manufacturing the Moon

"We don't have enough real moondust to go around," says Larry Taylor, director of Planetary Geosciences Institute at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. To run all the tests, "we need to make a well-qualified lunar simulant." And not just a few bags will do. "We need tons of it..."

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Fuel Cell powered laptops run for a month

The dock can power a laptop eight hours a day, five days a week for a month. Apparently the boffins are working on a miniature version which can power a laptop for more than 15 hours "on a coffee cup's worth of fuel". Although it is not clear how much fuel there is in a cup of coffee.

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Google Confirms Gmail Glitch

The company confirmed Friday that some users of Gmail, its popular email service, had their email accounts wiped out, with messages and contact information being permanently deleted.

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Computer's Heat May Unmask Anonymized PCs

Wired is carrying a story about a method developed by security researchers to identify computers hiding behind anonymity services. From the article: 'His victim is the Onion Router, or "Tor" — a sophisticated privacy system that lets users surf the web anonymously. Tor encrypts a user's traffic, and bounces it through multiple servers, so the final destination doesn't know where it came from. Murdoch set up a Tor network at Cambridge to test his technique, which works like this: If an attacker wants to learn the IP address of a hidden server on the Tor network, he'll suddenly request something difficult or intensive from that server. The added load will cause it to warm up.

"When a crystal is manufactured, it has a clock skew, and it's different for each crystal (throughout its) lifetime," explains Steven J. Murdoch, a Cambridge University researcher who discussed his work at the Chaos Communications Congress on Thursday.

- [Via Slashdot.org]

Computers 'could store entire life by 2026'

A device the size of a sugar cube will be able to record and store high resolution video footage of every second of a human life within two decades, experts say. A nice way to chronicle your life, or a step towards the nanny state?

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Race to the Moon for Nuclear Fuel

NASA's proposed 2024 moon base will be a steppingstone to Mars, but it may also be a mining outpost. The moon is an abundant source of helium-3, a potent fuel for next-generation nuclear reactors. Trouble is, China, India and Russia have their eyes on it too.

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Prince Harry is going to War in Iraq

rince Harry is to be sent to Iraq next year as a troop commander and is likely to patrol the hazardous border with Iran, defence sources have disclosed.he third in line to the throne will join the Army's 1st Mechanised Brigade, which will be deployed to Basra in May 2007.

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50 Things We Know Now (That We Didn't Know This Time Last Year) 2006 Edition

Via TBO.com

1. U.S. life expectancy in 2005 inched up to a record high of 77.9 years.

2. The part of the brain that regulates reasoning, impulse control and judgment is still under construction during puberty and doesn't shift into autopilot until about age 25.

3. Blue light fends off drowsiness in the middle of the night, which could be useful to people who work at night.

4. The 8-foot-long tooth emerging from the head of the narwhal whale is actually a type of sensor that detects changes in water temperature, pressure and particle gradients.

5. U.S. Protestant "megachurches" - defined as having a weekly attendance of at least 2,000 - doubled in five years to more than 1,200 and are among the nation's fastest-growing faith groups.

6. Cheese consumption in the United States is expected to grow by 50 percent between now and 2013.

7. At 68.1 percent, the United States ranks eighth among countries that have access to and use the Internet. The largest percentage of online use was in Malta, where 78.1 percent access the Web.

8. The U.S. government has paid about $1.5 billion in benefits to thousands of sick nuclear-weapons workers since 2001.

9. Scientists have discovered that certain brain chemicals in our tears are natural pain relievers.

10. FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover wrote a drooling fan letter to Lucille Ball in 1955 to tell her how much he enjoyed an episode of "I Love Lucy." "In all the years I have traveled on trains," he noted, "I have often wondered why someone did not pull the emergency brake, but I have never been aboard a train where it was done. The humor in your program last Monday, I think, exceeded any of your previous programs and they have been really good in themselves."

11. Wasps spray an insect version of pepper spray from their heads to temporarily incapacitate their rivals.

12. A sex gene responsible for making embryos male and forming the testes is also produced by the brain region targeted by Parkinson's disease, a discovery that may explain why more men than women develop the degenerative disorder.

13. Ancient humans from Asia may have entered the Americas following an ocean highway made of dense kelp.

14. An impact crater 18 miles in diameter was found 12,500 feet under the Indian Ocean.

15. Americans spent almost $32 billion on toys during 2005. About a third of that was spent on video games.

16. A new planet described as a "super-Earth," which weighs 13 times as much as our planet, exists in a solar system 9,000 light-years away.

17. A gene for a light-sensitive protein in the eye is what resets the body's "internal clock."

18. Australian scientists discovered a polyrhachis sokolova, which is believed to be the only ant species that can live under water. It nests in submerged mangroves and hides from predators in air pockets.

19. Red wine contains anti-inflammatory chemicals that stave off diseases affecting the gums and bone around the teeth.

20. A substance called resveratrol, also found in red wine, protects mice from obesity and the effects of aging, and perhaps could do the same for humans.

21. Two previously unknown forms of ice - dubbed by researchers as ice XIII and XIV - were discovered frozen at temperatures of around minus 160 degrees Celsius, or minus 256 Fahrenheit.

22. The hole in the earth's ozone layer is closing - and could be entirely closed by 2050. Meanwhile, the amount of greenhouse gases is increasing.

23. Scientists discovered what they believe to be football-field-sized minimoons scattered in Saturn's rings that may be debris left over from a collision between a comet and one of Saturn's icy moons.

24. At least once a week, 28 percent of high school students fall asleep in school, 22 percent fall sleep while doing homework and 14 percent get to school late or miss school because they overslept.

25. Women gain weight when they move in with a boyfriend because their diet deteriorates, but men begin to eat more healthy food when they set up a home with a female partner.

26. Some 45 percent of Internet users, or about 60 million Americans, said they sought online help to make big decisions or negotiate their way through major episodes in their lives during the previous two years.

27. Of the 10 percent of U.S. teens who uses credit cards, 15.7 percent are making the minimum payment each month.

28. Around the world, middle-aged and elderly men tend to be more satisfied with their sex lives than women in the same age group, a new survey shows.

29. The 90-million-year-old remains of seven pack-traveling carnivorous dinosaurs known as Mapusaurus were discovered in an area of southern Argentina nicknamed "Jurassic Park."

30. A group of genes makes some mosquitoes resistant to malaria and prevents them from transmitting the malaria parasite.

31. A 145-million-year-old beach ball-sized meteorite found a half-mile below a giant crater in South Africa has a chemical composition unlike any known meteorite.

32. Just 30 minutes of continuous kissing can diminish the body's allergic reaction to pollen, relaxing the body and reducing production of histamine, a chemical cell given out in response to allergens.

33. Saturn's moon Titan features vast swaths of "sand seas" covered with row after row of dunes from 300 to 500 feet high. Radar images of these seas, which stretch for hundreds of miles, bear a stunning likeness to ranks of dunes in Namibia and Saudi Arabia.

34. Scientists have discovered the fastest bite in the world, one so explosive it can be used to send the Latin American trap-jaw ant that performs it flying through the air to escape predators.

35. Janjucetus Hunderi, a ferocious whale species related to the modern blue whale, roamed the oceans 25 million years ago preying on sharks with its huge, razor-sharp teeth.

36. DNA analysis determined the British descended from a tribe of Spanish fishermen who crossed the Bay of Biscay almost 6,000 years ago.

37. Marine biologists discovered a new species of shark that walks along the ocean floor on its fins.

38. Most of us have microscopic, wormlike mites named Demodex that live in our eyelashes and have claws and a mouth.

39. The common pigeon can memorize 1,200 pictures.

40. The queens of bee, ant and wasp colonies that have the most sex with the largest number of males produce the strongest and healthiest colonies.

41. By firing atoms of metal at another metal, Russian and American scientists found a new element - No. 118 on the Periodic Table - that is the heaviest substance known and probably hasn't existed since the universe was in its infancy.

42. A "treasure-trove" of 150-million-year-old fossils belonging to giant sea reptiles that roamed the seas at the time of the dinosaurs was uncovered on the Arctic island chain of Svalbard, about halfway between the Norwegian mainland and the North Pole.

43. Sleeping in on Saturday and Sunday can disturb your body clock, leaving you fatigued at the start of the week.

44. Migrating dragonflies and songbirds exhibit many of the same behaviors, suggesting the rules that govern such long-distance travel may be simpler and more ancient than was once thought.

45. During the past five years, the existence of a peanut allergy in children has doubled.

46. Photos taken of Mars in 1999 and 2005 show muddy sand, indicating there may have been a flood sometime between those years.

47. A python was the first god worshipped by mankind, according to 70,000-year-old evidence found in a cave in Botswana's Tosodilo hills.

48. Red wines from southwest France and Sardinia boast the highest concentrations of chemical compounds that promote heart health.

49. One of the most effective ways for athletes to recover after exercise is to drink a glass of chocolate milk.

50. Researchers from the University of Manchester managed to induce teeth growth in normal chickens - activating genes that have lain dormant for 80 million years.

Sources: The Associated Press, Wall Street Journal, U.S. Journal of Dental Research, Comte News, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Bereavement Magazine, James Cook University, U.S. National Institutes of Health, The New York Times, University of Oregon, Current Biology, Hartford Seminary, University of Nottingham, LucyLibrary.com, Pew Internet & American Life Project, Junior Achievement, Physorg.com, University of Chicago, Newcastle University, Forbes, National Geographic, University of Minnesota, USA Today, The Christian Science Monitor, MSNBC.com, Daily Record, Oxford University, New Scientist, Glasgow Daily Record, The San Jose Mercury News, Flinders University, Biology Letters, The Washington Post, University of Oslo, The Times of London, Indiana University, University of Manchester, Discovery.com

UN-believable: Sexual misconduct by U.N. peacekeepers

Children raped. Girls forced to trade sex for food. Women assaulted at gunpoint. Is this the behavior one would expect from the United Nations peacekeeping missions?

Since the 1990s, the U.N. peacekeeping missions have been plagued with sexual misconduct scandals. According to The Washington Post, it first started in Cambodia with U.N. peacekeepers sexually abusing young girls. At that time, the U.N. dismissed the claims with a careless attitude--as if it were inevitable to occur. Meanwhile, the abuses continued and a culture of silence developed.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, 30 percent of the people who visited brothels were U.N. or NATO staff. In fact, the U.N. police operated brothels there and trafficked people.(1)

In Liberia, U.N. peacekeepers had sex with young girls, some as young as 12 years old. A trade would consist of giving the girl $10 or some food. Many of the staff visited the brothels in their U.N. vehicles.

In the Congo, the alleged cases of sexual exploitation include child porn rings, sex shows and rape of babies.(2)

In Timor, at least 20 babies fathered by peacekeepers have been abandoned. There have also been allegations of child sex abuse, bestiality and coercion into prostitution.(3)

In Haiti, peacekeepers offer young teens a few dollars and some food in exchange for sex.(4) Half of the population lives on a dollar a day. The situation is ripe for exploitation.

These peacekeepers are sent to areas of conflict, or post-conflict, which can present stress and difficulties to the peacekeepers. However, these are also areas where the local population is particularly vulnerable. Many have lost their homes and their land. Many have been physically, sexually or psychologically abused already. That peacekeepers would exploit the very people they are meant to help is unacceptable.

The U.N.'s Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who will step down in January, promised more disciplinary action. However, little change has been seen since the start of the scandal. We can hope that in-coming Ban Ki-moon will provide the much-needed reform he's been promising.

It will be challenging. Just between February 2003 and October 2005 alone, there were 221 cases of sexual misconduct. Impunity was often the outcome. The U.N. peacekeepers are immune from local laws. Some countries don't even have sexual assault laws. In the end, the alleged suspect is often merely repatriated home.

"Most countries have little interest in seeing their peacekeepers brought to trial for crimes committed while 'doing good deeds' elsewhere in the world," according to Refugees International. It doesn't seem to matter that they are U.N. peacekeepers committing human rights violations.

According to BBC News, the U.N. said it was only aware of two cases where sex offenders were sent to jail when the peacekeepers were repatriated, although there could be others.(5)

These peacekeepers number 80,000 strong and are stationed in 17 missions in the world. Their units come from all over and represent diverse cultures. The peacekeepers brought their cultural beliefs with them, and it's true that may play a role. However, they also created a culture, one that many activists are aware of, a culture of silence. The threat of punishment was so low it was disregarded. Discipline within the units was lacking, and, in fact, the men's behavior was accepted as being natural. The peacekeepers could, therefore, exploit their victims without being held accountable for their actions to their commanders, local laws, or their country's laws. As more peacekeepers took advantage of this situation, the behaviors were further enforced. Now, it's believed that these types of abuses are found in every U.N. peacekeeping mission in the world. The cases have been documented by the U.N., human rights groups and journalists.

When any group of individuals permit this type of behavior because it is "inevitable' that a man behave like this or that a woman has to endure it, or because it's safer and more acceptable to remain silent, isn't it, in effect, reflecting society's values and attitudes?

It's not just their position of power that was a factor in the abuse, although that plays a role, too. Only one group, however, was exploited.

All countries have gender-based violence where your sex, like your race, serves as a risk factor for violence. Some countries have laws against it, some don't. Worldwide, in many cases of violence, impunity is the result. As just one example, take rape in the United States. The Justice Department calls it the most underreported crime in the nation. Only four in ten cases are reported. It occurs, like domestic violence, in a culture of silence.

The U.N. scandal is simply mimicking an overall problem of violence and impunity. When societies stop contributing to these values and attitudes, we will see an end to these kinds of exploitative human rights abuses.

The U.N., in the meantime, must take action to ensure the peacekeepers are held accountable for their behavior and to restore the credibility of their peacekeeping missions overseas. If you would like to ensure that this happens, please write letters to editors in newspapers, write articles or write to the U.N. in New York. Help break the culture of silence.

Google Passes Yahoo as Second Most-Visited Web Site

"Visitors to Google's sites rose 9.1 percent to 475.7 million in November from a year earlier, while those to Yahoo sites rose 5.2 percent to 475.3 million, ComScore Networks Inc. said today."

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361 Newspaper Front Pages from Around the World; Updated Daily!

Today
’s Front Pages, a service of Newseum website is a must for news junkies. It provides the front pages of 361 newspapers around the world (35 Countries).

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Convert PDF And Text Files To An MP3 Audio Recording

Simple idea that uses a combination of text to speech applications, and low level sound recording software.

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Vista Exploit Surfaces on Russian Hacker Site

Proof-of-concept exploit code for a privilege escalation vulnerability affecting all versions of Windows
—including Vista—has been posted on a Russian hacker forum, forcing Microsoft to activate its emergency response process.

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Xbox 360 VS. PS3: Graphics Comparison

You'd think that the PS3 versions would be exactly the same or slightly better than the Xbox 360 versions, since many of these games appeared on the 360 months ago, but it seems like developers didn't use the extra time to polish up the graphics for the PS3. We found that the 360 actually had better graphics in the majority of the games compared.

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Guide to Installing Linux on Your PS3!

This guide shows you step by step how to run linux on your ps3.

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Apple Logo Birthmark

Tittle speaks for its self...

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Small Nuclear War Would Cause Global Environmental Catastrophe

A small-scale, regional nuclear war could disrupt the global climate for a decade or more, with environmental effects that could be devastating for everyone on Earth, researchers have concluded.

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Night Owls Are More Creative

Not a morning person? Take solace — new research suggests that "night owls" are more likely to be creative thinkers.

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Microsoft launches XNA Game Studio Express

Today Microsoft officially announced the release of the XNA Game Studio Express and XNA Creators Club. The program allows anyone with a Windows XP-based PC to create and develop their own games. The software is based on Visual C# 2005 Express Edition and Microsoft .NET Compact. According to the release, the XNA Creators Club, available on Xbox Live Marketplace for a $49 four-month subscription or a $99 yearly subscription, gives Xbox 360 owners access to "thousands of game assets from Microsoft and key supporters such as Turbo Squid Inc., as well as white papers, specialized starter kits, samples and technical product support."

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IBM touts Flash-killer

IBM has built a prototype storage device with two partners that they claim is 500 times faster than Flash.

It uses less than half the power of Flash memory and can be built in ultra-thin form factors most likely unavailable to Flash. In short, a Flash-killer and potentially the answer for a universal memory type for mobile devices.

Infineon spin-off Qimonda, and flash memory company Macronix will show the device at an IEEE conference in San Francisco this week. It uses a new germanium-antimony (GeSc) semi-conductor alloy in a device with a 3nm by 20nm cross-section - far smaller than today's flash and one predicted to be achieved in 2015 using Moore's Law extrapolations of chip component size.

Dr TC Chen, an IBM Research VP, said: "Many expect flash memory to encounter significant scaling limitations in the near future. Today we unveil a new phase-change memory material that has high performance even in an extremely small volume."

Most Flash memory used today has a "floating gate" charge-storing cell designed not to leak. Flash retains its stored data and requires power only to read, write or erase information. This makes thememory popular in battery-powered portable electronics. Non-volatile data retention would also be a big advantage in general computer applications, but writing data onto Flash memory is thousands of times slower than DRAM or SRAM.

Also, Flash memory cells degrade and become unreliable after being rewritten about 100,000 times. This is not a problem in many consumer uses, but is another show-stopper for using flash in applications that must be frequently rewritten, such as computer main memories or the buffer memories in networks or storage systems. A third concern for Flash's future is that it may become extremely difficult to keep its current cell design non-volatile as Moore's Law shrinks its minimum feature sizes below 45 nanometers.

The IBM/Macronix/Qimonda joint project's phase-change memory achievement is important because it demonstrates a non-volatile phase-change material that can switch more than 500 times faster than flash memory, with less than one-half the power consumption, and can do this when scaled down to at least the 22-nanometer node, two chip-processing generations beyond floating-gate flash's predicted brick wall.